Call Today For An Appointment

(760) 621-8830

Tuesday, December 22, 2015

Dental Crowns in San Marcos

As a dentist practicing cosmetic dentistry in San Marcos, Dr. Valentina Obradovic offers a variety of restoration solutions for teeth that have lost significant structure. A dental crown is tooth-shaped cap that can be used to change the size, shape, strength, or general appearance of a tooth by fitting it over the visible area of the affected tooth. There are many different types of crowns, including full porcelain, porcelain fused to metal, and full metal crowns. Dr. Obradovic can help you determine which one is right for your individual cosmetic dentistry needs.


The Dental Crown Procedure

A cosmetic dentistry treatment can usually be performed in two to three visits. The process begins at our San Marcos office where we make impressions of the diagnosed teeth involved. The impressions are sent to a dental lab where they will be used to create a mold of your teeth. Lab technicians work on the mold to fabricate a crown or bridge from which an actual tooth replication is created. The finished work is sent back to the Adriatic Dental for inspection and Dr. Obradovic will cement the crowns onto your teeth in the subsequent visit.

Dr. Obradovic may suggest a cosmetic dentistry crown treatment in the following circumstances:

• To prevent a weak tooth from breaking or to hold the pieces of a cracked tooth together.
• To support and cover it in cases where the patient has a large filling and little of the natural tooth remains.
• To improve the aesthetics of a patient’s smile by fitting it over a discolored or misshapen tooth.
• To secure a dental bridge.

Tuesday, November 17, 2015

Bruxism/Teeth Grinding

Bruxism is the dental term for teeth grinding. Most people grind their teeth from time to time with little to no damage to the teeth or jaw. However, those who continually grind their teeth can cause serious damage to their teeth and other oral health complications can arise.

Bruxism refers to any type of forceful contact between the teeth. This can be a loud and grating contact or a silent and clenching contact. Either form can cause serious damage to the teeth. Many aren’t aware that they have the condition because they grind their teeth only in their sleep. However, bruxism can occur during waking hours as well.

Adults and children both can suffer from the condition. Alcohol, drugs, and certain sleep disorders can exacerbate the condition, making it worse. Children usually develop bruxism as a result of a cold or infection. Often pain from teething or earaches will induce bruxism in toddlers and children.

Why do I grind my teeth?
The cause of bruxism is still unknown. However, it is believed that increased stress and anxiety can greatly increase how often and how severely you grind your teeth. Having an abnormal bite or missing or crooked teeth are also thought to contribute to teeth grinding.

Why is bruxism bad?
Occasional bruxism usually does not result in damage to the teeth or jaw. However, chronic teeth grinding can cause serious dental issues. In some cases, grinding can result in tooth fracture, loosening of teeth, or the loss of a tooth or teeth. Grinding over years without treatment can wear the teeth down to stumps, which will require bridges, crowns, root canals, implants, or possibly even Dentures to repair.

Not only is bruxism bad for your teeth, it is also damaging to the jaw. Grinding can result in hearing loss, change the appearance of your face, and TMJ.

What can I do to stop grinding my teeth?

Being fitted for a mouth guard/night guard will help protect your teeth from the effects of grinding while you sleep. However, in order to cease grinding completely it’s important to treat the triggers for why you grind your teeth.

If stress is causing your bruxism, ask your doctor or Dentist about stress reduction techniques and options. Exercise, stress counseling, or prescription muscle relaxers may help reduce how often or severely you grind your teeth.

Other tips to help reduce bruxism include:
• Cut back or eliminate foods that contain caffeine from your diet. This includes coffee, soda, tea, and chocolate.
• Avoid alcohol. Alcohol tends to increase the severity and frequency of bruxism.
• Don’t chew on anything that is not food. This includes gum, pencils, or pens. Constantly chewing conditions your jaw muscles to stay clenched and makes you more likely to grind your teeth.
• Pay attention to your mouth. If you notice that you grind or clench your teeth during the day, train yourself to relax. Position the tip of your tongue between your front teeth to make it harder to clench or grind your teeth.
• Relax your jaw before bed. Using a warm washcloth on the face at night will help relax the jaw prior to sleep. Position it on your check in front of your earlobe to get maximum results.

Thursday, October 29, 2015

Anti-Aging Dentistry

Our goal is always to provide each of our patients with a healthy smile that is free from disease and decay. However, simply having a healthy smile is not always enough. Many of our patients also want a beautiful smile that they can be proud to show off. A brighter, straighter, and more youthful smile can boost your self-esteem and benefit all aspects of your life.

As you age, your teeth naturally yellow and shift in the mouth. What were once beautifully straight and white teeth may now be crooked, worn down, broken and dull. Grinding can make the teeth smaller and ill fitting dentures can make the face look sunken in. However, these effects of aging do not have to be permanent!

Anti-aging Dentistry focuses on the use of Cosmetic Dentistry to reduce the signs of aging without the surgery required for a facelift. The use of invisible aligners, dental implants, whitening, dentures, and healthier gums are just a few of the treatment options we employ to make your smile look more youthful.

During your consultation, the doctor will take into account every aspect of your face, not just your smile. The treatment plan the doctor presents will not only improve your smile but can also smooth the wrinkles around your mouth, fill out the jawline, and balance the appearance of your smile. Anti-aging dentistry can instantly remove 5-10 years off of your appearance!

Wednesday, October 21, 2015

All-On-4 Implant Supported Dentures

All-on-4 Denture Implants are an ideal solution for San Diego dental patients who have an insufficient amount of bone. Besides using just four implants, All-on-4 denture implants maximize existing bone and do not typically require bone grafting, making them a good fit for patients with less bone density.

All-on-4 Procedure
Before the treatment begins, Dr. Valentina Obradovic numbs the area to prevent patients from feeling any discomfort or pain during the procedure. She then places four denture implants in areas where the bone is most voluminous. Once the implants are placed, Dr. Obradovic creates a framework for a temporary set of teeth using a new or existing denture.

Full integration between the bone and implant usually takes three to four months. At this juncture, Dr. Obradovic will replace the temporary teeth with a new, custom-made, permanent set that is anchored into place.

Advantages of All-on-4 Denture Implants
• Tested. All-on-4 denture implants have been used for over a decade.
• High success rate. At the four year follow-up, All-on-4 has a 98.5 percent success rate.
• Affordable. All-on-4 denture implants are less costly than single implant procedures.
• Easy maintenance. All-on-4 denture implants do not have removable appliances, making for easy care and maintenance.
• Balance. All-on-4 denture implants balance and stabilize bone level.
• Greater confidence. A beautiful smile can make you feel more confident and boost your self-esteem.
• Quality of life. With All-on-4 denture implants, you can enjoy all of your favorite foods once again.

Dr. Obradovic offers All-on-4 denture implants and a variety of other treatments at Adriatic Dental, a full-service San Diego Dental Practice.

Tuesday, September 29, 2015

Introduction to Dental Implants

If you are searching for missing teeth help, you are not alone. 69 percent of adults between ages 35 and 45 have lost at least one tooth due to gum disease, decay, or injury. This number only continues to rise as we age, and postponing treatment can jeopardize the health of your remaining teeth, so it is important to replace missing teeth as soon as possible. Due to advances in dental implant technology, implants are now regarded as the preferred treatment for replacing missing teeth. Although dentures and fixed bridges are still commonly used, both present complications that make them less favorable long-term solutions. Dr. Valentina Obradovic of Adriatic Dental is well-equipped to provide you with the missing teeth help you need. The San Marcos dental practice specializes in implant dentistry and Dr. Obradovic can help you identify the best treatment for your individual needs.

San Marcos Dental Implants 101

Dental Implants are unique in their natural compatibility with the body. Because they are constructed from titanium, implants are capable of integrating with your jaw bone once they are surgically placed there. Dentures and bridges are made from incompatible materials like cast metal, plastic, and acrylic, which can aggravate the gum tissue. Since implants are surgically embedded in the gums, they also provide a level of stability that other replacement solutions cannot compare to.

Dental implant technology has continued to evolve over the last two decades, but even patients who received implants in the 1980s and 1990s still report optimal functionality. Not only do implants have a 97 percent success rate, they lack the complications that often accompany alternatives like bridges and Dentures.

Adriatic Dental, a San Marcos Dental practice, can provide you with missing teeth help through implant dentistry.

Tuesday, September 22, 2015

LANAP® Laser Treatment

The effects of gum disease can reach far beyond your mouth; Periodontal Disease has been linked to stroke, heart disease, diabetes, and low birth weight babies in addition to increasing your risk of pancreatic cancer by as much as 64 percent. Gum disease affects millions, yet many people postpone treatment due to the invasiveness of traditional treatments. However, by harnessing advanced laser technology, Dr. Valentina Obradovic can now offer the Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure (LANAP®), a ground-breaking gum disease treatment that is minimally invasive, highly effective, and can assist with tooth loss prevention.

Tooth Loss Prevention: Understanding the Stages of Gum Disease and how LANAP® can help!

Gum disease begins when tartar and bacteria trapped beneath the gum line lead to infection. Periodontal disease evolves over time, but can be reversed in the early stages with intervention. By gaining insight into this progression, patients may be able to recognize the signs and seek appropriate gum disease treatment to aide in tooth loss prevention.

1. Gingivitis. The mildest form of periodontal disease, a pocket is formed between the gum and tooth, and symptoms include inflamed gums that may bleed while brushing or flossing. At this first stage, gingivitis can usually be reversed with cleanings and stricter adherence to dental hygiene, so it is important to be on the lookout for these signs to increase the chances of tooth loss prevention.

2. Periodontitis. As Gum Disease progresses, infection and inflammation spread to the bone supporting the teeth. Gum recession may occur as ligaments break down. Pockets deepen and you may experience redness, swelling, and bleeding as bacteria multiplies and the infection starts destroying the bone.

3. Advanced Periodontitis. In the advanced stage, bone loss continues and teeth begin to loosen due to the loss of ligament and bone. The periodontal pockets deepen even further, often filling with pus. Your teeth may hurt when brush and feel sensitive to heat or cold. In some cases, removing teeth may be necessary to stop the infection from spreading, but choosing a gum disease treatment like LANAP® might allow you to keep your natural teeth.

Dr. Valentina Obradovic offers the LANAP® gum disease treatment at Adriatic Dental in San Marcos, CA. If you would like to learn more about gum disease treatment and tooth loss prevention, call to schedule a complimentary consultation with Dr. Obradovic.

Wednesday, September 16, 2015

Tooth and Bone Loss

Teeth can be lost for a variety of reasons. Anything from disease, injury, birth defect, to decay can result in teeth being lost or removed. However, many dental and health problems can result from tooth loss or removal.


Without properly aligned teeth, an individual might not be able to chew correctly, and diet could be affected. With missing teeth, or no teeth altogether, chewing becomes very difficult or impossible. The diet then becomes restricted to soft, easily chewed foods. This kind of diet might not meet the nutrition needs of the body which can cause constipation, weight loss, arthritis, indigestion, and rheumatism.

Teeth are important to meeting the nutritional needs of the body. Without them, the health of the body can be severely impacted.


Teeth play a major part in speech. Some letter sounds such as s, z, d, x, n, th, and sh are made with tongue-to-tooth contact. Without teeth, these sounds will not be able to be made easily and may result in a lisp. Lisping can be an embarrassing condition and may make it hard for you to be understood.

The tongue is also affected by lost teeth. With no teeth to keep it in place, the tongue will broaden out and fill in the newly open space. This thickened tongue makes it harder to control and may also result in difficult-to-understand speech.

Bone Loss in the Jaw

Teeth do more than just help us chew our food and speak. They actually serve to stimulate the bone in the jaw. Each time you chew, the teeth stimulate the bone. Without this natural stimulation, the alveolar bone--the portion of the jawbone that anchors teeth in the mouth--begins to break down and is re-absorbed into the body. Since there are no longer teeth there that “need” the jawbone, the bone deteriorates and disintegrates.

The rate of deterioration varies per person; however, it begins almost immediately after a tooth is lost or removed and continues throughout life. Once deterioration reaches a certain point, dental prosthetics--such as Dentures--will no longer be useful because there will not be enough bone to support them.


Misalignment occurs when teeth no longer have an opposing tooth structure. The tooth with no counterpart can become loose, and the bone supporting it may begin to deteriorate because of lack of stimulation. Losing even one tooth may cause the remaining teeth to shift their position, altering an individual's bite pattern and leading to pain in the head, neck, and jaw.

Facial Appearance

Teeth are also designed to hold the lips and cheeks in place. When teeth are missing, the lips and cheeks do not have their natural support system. When closed, the mouth will appear “sunken in” without the support of the teeth. This can age the appearance of the person greatly.

Wednesday, September 9, 2015


What is a Stroke?
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death in the United States and the leading cause of death in older Americans. It is estimated that an American suffers from stroke every 45 seconds. With one in four men and one in five women over the age of 45 suffering from a stroke, reducing your risk of having one is very important.

Stroke occurs when the blood vessels that supply the brain with oxygen are damaged or compromised. Restricting the brain of oxygen, even briefly, can result in a stroke. Strokes are widely feared because of their debilitating aftermath. Even minor or mini-strokes can result in life-altering consequences, such as paralysis, weakness, aphasia (losing the ability to speak, write, or understand language), and mental health changes.

Stroke and Periodontal Disease

Recent studies have shown that people with moderate to advanced Periodontal Disease are at a greater risk for having a stoke. One study published by the American Stroke Association in 2004 showed that patients with severe periodontitis, or gum disease, had a 4.3 times higher risk of stroke than those with mild or no periodontal disease. The bottom line is: If you have an infection in your mouth 24 hours a day for 7 days per week, then it is going to spread to your entire body!

New studies are released every year linking periodontal disease and stroke. The good news is that periodontal disease is preventable and treatable and is an easy way to eliminate one risk factor you may have for stroke.

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is the fourth leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S.; more than 30,000 Americans are expected to die from the disease this year. It is an extremely difficult cancer to treat, and little is known about what causes it. One established risk factor in pancreatic cancer is cigarette smoking; other links have been made to obesity, diabetes type 2, and insulin resistance. In a new study, researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH) and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute found that periodontal disease was associated with an increased risk of cancer of the pancreas. The study appeared in the January 17, 2007, issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

“Our study provides the first strong evidence that periodontal disease may increase the risk of pancreatic cancer. This finding is of significance as it may provide some new insights into the mechanism of this highly fatal disease,” said lead author Dominique Michaud, assistant professor of epidemiology at HSPH.

Periodontal disease is caused by bacterial infection and inflammation of the gums that, over time, cause loss of bone supporting the teeth; tooth loss is a consequence of severe periodontal disease. Two previous studies had found a link between tooth loss or periodontitis and pancreatic cancer. One study consisted of all smokers, and the other did not control for smoking in the analysis; therefore, no firm conclusions could be drawn from these studies.

Data for the new study came from the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study, which began in 1986, and included 51,529 U.S. men working in the health professions. Participants responded to questionnaires about their health every two years. After analyzing the data, the researchers confirmed 216 cases of pancreatic cancer between 1986 and 2002; of those, 67 reported periodontal disease.

The results showed that--after adjusting for age, smoking, diabetes, body mass index, and a number of other factors--men with periodontal disease had a 63% higher risk of developing pancreatic cancer compared to those reporting no periodontal disease. “Most convincing was our finding that never-smokers had a two-fold increase in risk of pancreatic cancer,” said Michaud.

One possible explanation for the results is that inflammation from periodontal disease may promote cancer of the pancreas. “Individuals with periodontal disease have elevated serum biomarkers of systemic inflammation, such as C-reactive protein, and these may somehow contribute to the promotion of cancer cells,” she said.

Another explanation, according to Michaud, is that periodontal disease could lead to increased pancreatic carcinogenesis because individuals with periodontal disease have higher levels of oral bacteria and higher levels of nitrosamines, which are carcinogens, in their oral cavity. Prior studies have shown that nitrosamines and gastric acidity may play a role in pancreatic cancer.

Michaud; senior author Charles Fuchs, a gastrointestinal oncologist at Dana-Farber; and their colleagues believe that further studies should be done to investigate the role of inflammation from periodontal disease in pancreatic cancer. However, Michaud notes that the underlying mechanisms for this association are speculative at this point. “More research is needed both to confirm this finding in other populations and also to explore the role of inflammation in this particular cancer,” she said.

Tuesday, August 25, 2015

Low birth weight and premature babies

Most women are aware that smoking, drinking, and drug use have negative effects on pregnancy.

Something that many women may not be aware of is the effect that having gum disease has on pregnant women.

There are studies that show pregnant women may be at a higher risk of giving birth to pre-term and low birth weight babies when they have gum disease.

It is important for more research to be done regarding this correlation, but one thing is for sure…

Any active infection in pregnant women should be avoided at all costs; gum disease is a living, breathing infection in your mouth. Get it treated.

Studies by the University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Dentistry revealed that women with gum (periodontal) disease may be up to seven times more likely to deliver a pre-term, low birth weight baby. Compare that with the effects of alcohol and smoking, which are said to increase the odds of a low birth weight baby by only three times.

Gum Disease and Moms-to-be

How can your gums affect the weight of the fetus? It has to do with the fact that periodontal disease causes bacterial infections. Pregnant women should avoid any situation where they can obtain an infection, knowing that there may be repercussions on their health or that of the unborn baby. It is becoming clear that an infection of gum tissues is no exception.

Women who have experienced problems with their oral health are most likely to experience gingivitis (the earliest form of gum disease) during pregnancy. Even tissues in the mouth undergo changes during pregnancy. Gingivitis usually appears in the second or third month and can last all the way through the eighth month of pregnancy. If your gums bleed when you brush and floss, this could indicate that you have gingivitis.

If a Dental Professional does not treat these red and swollen gums, the condition can deteriorate to periodontal disease, which can attack the gums and bone surrounding the teeth and eventually lead to tooth loss. The natural space between your teeth and gums becomes infected. Pockets can form where bacteria thrive. Researchers at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill believe that toxins are then released into the bloodstream, and the body reacts by producing chemicals that cause premature labor.

Will I know if I have gum disease?

You may not normally experience pain with gingivitis or periodontal disease, but there are other symptoms:

1) red, swollen, or tender gums
2) bleeding gums when you brush or floss
3) gums that seem to have pulled away from the teeth
4) loose teeth
5) a change in your bite
6) pus between teeth and gums
7) persistent bad breath

More research is underway to determine how pregnant women with periodontal disease should be treated. For now, we suggest having your oral health checked before you consider pregnancy or as soon as possible after you know you are pregnant.

Friday, August 21, 2015


Osteoporosis is a major concern for many older men and women. It’s estimated that more than 40 million people either already suffer from the disease or are at risk for developing it. Recent research suggests a link between osteoporosis and bone loss in the jaw. When bone loss in the jaw occurs, teeth that are usually supported and anchored by the jawbone may become loose; tooth loss may occur.

What is Osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” Normal human bone looks like a honeycomb, but bones affected by osteoporosis have holes and spaces that are much bigger. This means the bones have lost density or mass. As bones become less dense, they become weaker and more brittle making the simplest chores like picking up a newspaper potentially hazardous. Something like picking up a child or even sneezing could cause a break.

Bones are living tissue and are constantly being absorbed and replaced. Osteoporosis occurs when the body cannot create new bone quickly enough to keep up with the removal of old bone. Osteoporosis can affect any bone in the human body, including the jawbone. It can occur in men and women, but it most often occurs in Caucasian women over the age of 65.

How does Osteoporosis Affect my Oral Health?
Women with osteoporosis are three times more likely to experience tooth loss than those who do not have the disease. Because osteoporosis can occur in any bone in the body, the jawbone is susceptible to the disease. Low bone density in the jaw can result in loose teeth and tooth loss. Women who have osteoporosis may have trouble with loose or ill-fitting dentures as the bone is absorbed but not replaced over time.

Women with periodontal disease and osteoporosis are especially susceptible to tooth loss. Studies have recently shown a strong relationship between periodontitis, osteoporosis, and tooth loss. It has been suggested that the loss of bone density in the jaw may leave teeth more susceptible to the bacteria that cause gum disease.

Steps Towards Healthy Bones
Preserving the health of your bones is vital to your overall and oral health. Here are some steps you can take to ensure that you have optimal bone health:

1. Eat a balanced diet rich with vitamin D and calcium.
2. Exercise regularly. Weight-bearing activities like walking, jogging, dancing, and weight training are best for keeping bones strong.
3. Do not smoke; limit alcohol consumption.
4. Report any issues with loose teeth, detached or receding gums, or ill-fitting dentures to your dentist immediately.

Monday, July 27, 2015

Heart Disease

Scientists say they have established one reason why gum disease may increase the risk of heart disease.

The link between gum and heart problems has long been recognized but it is unclear if poor oral health is simply a marker of a person’s general well being. UK and Irish experts now say bacteria enter the bloodstream via sore gums and deposit a clot-forming protein. The findings are being presented at a meeting of the Society for General Microbiology.

Earlier this year a Scottish study of more than 11,000 people found people who did not brush their teeth twice a day were at increased risk of heart disease. It backed up previous findings that suggested a link, but researchers stressed the nature of the relationship still needed further analysis.

Protective Platelets

Scientists from the University of Bristol working with the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland now suggest it is the Streptococcus bacteria – responsible for causing tooth plaque and gum disease – which may be to blame.

Their work shows this bacteria, once let loose in the bloodstream, makes a protein known as PadA which forces platelets in the blood to stick together and clot.

Research such as this makes a welcome contribution to further understanding the nature of the relationship between gum disease and heart disease.

“This provides a protective cover not only from the immune system, but also from antibiotics that might be used to treat infection,” said Professor Howard Jenkinson, who led the research.

“Unfortunately, as well as helping out the bacteria, platelet clumping can cause small blood clots, growths on the heart valves, or inflammation of blood vessels that can block the blood supply to the heart and brain.”

While maintaining Good Dental Hygiene could minimise the risk, the team is also investigating how the platelet-activating function of the protein PadA can be blocked.

Professor Damian Walmsley, scientific adviser to the British Dental Association, said: “Research such as this makes a welcome contribution to further understanding the nature of the relationship between gum disease and heart disease.

“It also underlines the high importance of brushing twice a day with fluoride toothpaste, restricting your intake of sugary foods and drinks and visiting the Dentist regularly in order to maintain good oral health.”

The British Heart Foundation said that were other factors besides oral health which had a greater impact on heart health.

But their senior cardiac nurse Cathy Ross added that combining good oral health care “with a healthy diet, not smoking and taking part in plenty of physical activity will go a long way in helping you reduce your overall risk of heart disease”.

Thursday, July 23, 2015

Healthy Mouth, Healthy Body

Taking good care of your mouth does more than help ensure you have a bright, white smile. Having a healthy mouth and healthy body go hand-in-hand!

Pancreatic Cancer and Heart Disease

Recent studies have linked good oral hygiene with good overall health. Having a healthy mouth can reduce your risk for many serious diseases, including heart disease and pancreatic cancer. The inflammation that is caused by gingivitis and periodontal disease has been linked to these diseases. Bacteria that thrives in the mouth can travel to other parts of the body and can cause infection or worsen existing infections in many areas, including the lungs and joints.


Keeping your gums healthy not only prevents gingivitis and periodontal disease, but it can also help improve your memory, according to the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. In a study done by the journal, adults who had gingivitis performed worse than those who didn’t on tests of memory and cognitive skills. They were more likely to perform poorly on tests of delayed verbal recall and subtraction--two skills we use every day!


Diabetes can make you less able to fight off infection, which includes infections of the gums. Some experts have linked uncontrolled diabetes with gum disease, suggesting that untreated periodontal disease may make it more difficult to control blood sugar levels. Having a healthy mouth will help you protect your overall health by making it easier to control your diabetes.

Pre-term Delivery and Low Birth Weight Babies

Some research suggests a link between gingivitis and pre-term, low birth weight infants. With 1 in 8 babies born prematurely, prevention is the key! Maintaining good oral health may help prevent premature delivery. See your Dentist as part of your prenatal care. He or she will give you good tips and insight into oral health and a healthy pregnancy.

A Healthy Mouth, A Healthy Body in Childhood

It’s never too early to start teaching your children to take care of their teeth and gums--healthy habits learned in childhood can pay off in adulthood. If you’re tempted to shrug off your good oral hygiene habits--brushing, flossing, and seeing your Dentist regularly — remember that you’re a role model for your kids!

As you can see, the phrase “healthy mouth, healthy you” really is true and is backed by growing scientific evidence!

Wednesday, July 15, 2015


Research has come forth that suggests that the relationship between Periodontal Disease and diabetes goes both ways-periodontal disease can make it more difficult for diabetics to control their blood sugar. Those who have diabetes are more likely to have periodontal disease than those who do not which makes it vital for diabetics to maintain their blood sugar and seek treatment for periodontal disease.

Diabetes Increases Chances of Periodontal Disease
Diabetics, as a result of their increased susceptibility to infection, are at greater risk of developing periodontal disease than those without diabetes. Those who do not have their diabetes under control are at an even greater risk for periodontal disease. Uncontrolled diabetes impairs white blood cells, which are the body’s main defense against bacterial infection that can occur in the mouth. Allowing diabetes to be left uncontrolled greatly increases a diabetic’s risk of moderate to severe periodontal disease. Those who have diabetes will often experience dry mouth, gum inflammation, and poor healing in the oral tissues. All of these complications of diabetes can put a patient at greater risk for periodontal disease, but the inflammation of the gums is by far the most threatening. Besides impairing white blood cells, diabetes also causes blood vessels to thicken. Thickened blood vessels slow the flow of nutrients and waste products from the tissues of the mouth. This inflammation greatly reduces the body’s ability to fight infections, such as the bacterial infection that causes Periodontitis or gum disease.

Additionally, the damage that periodontal disease can do is far greater in a diabetic patient than one without diabetes because healing in diabetics may be impaired, allowing the periodontal disease to cause far more destruction at a faster rate.

Diabetes and Periodontal Disease: A Two-Way Street
Not only does diabetes affect Periodontal Disease, periodontal disease has been shown to affect a patient’s diabetes. The relationship is a two-way street. Periodontal disease may make it more difficult for patients with diabetes to control their blood sugar.

Periodontal disease has been shown to increase blood sugar which contributes to increased periods of time when the body functions with high blood sugar. Bacterial infections, like periodontal disease, can affect the patient’s metabolism making it far more complicated to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Because periodontal disease is a chronic infection, it has a negative impact on the diabetic’s ability to maintain control of the metabolic status. All of these effects can increase the risk for some of the complications of diabetes: glaucoma, neuropathy, and high blood pressure.

Several studies have found that treating periodontal disease helps diabetics control their blood sugars. One such study of 113 Pima Indians, published in the Journal of Periodontology (1997), found that when the Indians’ periodontal infections were treated, the management of their diabetes markedly improved.

Treatment of Periodontal Disease in the Diabetic
If you have diabetes, schedule an appointment today to learn if you have periodontal disease. Treatment options for periodontal disease vary and can help you maintain and control your diabetic status. If you are diabetic, it is crucial for you to have healthy gums. Healthy gums will make it easier for you to control your blood sugar levels ultimately saving you time, effort, and money!

Wednesday, July 8, 2015

Healthy Mouth, Healthy Body

Taking good care of your mouth does more than help ensure you have a bright, white smile. Having a healthy mouth and healthy body go hand-in-hand!

Pancreatic Cancer and Heart Disease

Recent studies have linked good oral hygiene with good overall health. Having a healthy mouth can reduce your risk for many serious diseases, including heart disease and pancreatic cancer. The inflammation that is caused by gingivitis and periodontal disease has been linked to these diseases. Bacteria that thrives in the mouth can travel to other parts of the body and can cause infection or worsen existing infections in many areas, including the lungs and joints.


Keeping your gums healthy not only prevents gingivitis and periodontal disease, but it can also help improve your memory, according to the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry. In a study done by the journal, adults who had gingivitis performed worse than those who didn’t on tests of memory and cognitive skills. They were more likely to perform poorly on tests of delayed verbal recall and subtraction--two skills we use every day!

Diabetes can make you less able to fight off infection, which includes infections of the gums. Some experts have linked uncontrolled diabetes with gum disease, suggesting that untreated periodontal disease may make it more difficult to control blood sugar levels. Having a healthy mouth will help you protect your overall health by making it easier to control your diabetes.

Pre-term Delivery and Low Birth Weight Babies
Some research suggests a link between gingivitis and pre-term, low birth weight infants. With 1 in 8 babies born prematurely, prevention is the key! Maintaining good oral health may help prevent premature delivery. See your Dentist as part of your prenatal care. He or she will give you good tips and insight into oral health and a healthy pregnancy.
A Healthy Mouth, A Healthy Body in Childhood
It’s never too early to start teaching your children to take care of their teeth and gums--healthy habits learned in childhood can pay off in adulthood. If you’re tempted to shrug off your good oral hygiene habits--brushing, flossing, and seeing your Dentist regularly — remember that you’re a role model for your kids!
As you can see, the phrase “healthy mouth, healthy you” really is true and is backed by growing scientific evidence!

Tuesday, June 30, 2015

Dangers of Gum Disease

There are millions of germs that live in your mouth. If you suffer from Gum Disease, you have open wounds in your gums that allow the bacteria to enter directly into your blood stream and circulate throughout your body. Some of the bacteria normally found in the mouth enter your bloodstream through infected gums and can relocate to other parts of your body with the potential of creating disease in organs and systems.

Much research is being done to investigate if a definitive link exists between periodontal disease and other systemic illnesses. Many of the results are inconclusive; however, research has shown some links between periodontal disease and heart disease, ischemic stroke, respiratory disease, head and neck cancer, kidney disease, diabetes, and increased risk of pre-term delivery.

Gum Disease is the leading cause of tooth loss for the majority of adults in the United States. Losing your teeth, however, is not the only danger of this disease.

When you have gum disease, there is an active, living infection in your mouth. This infection releases toxins to the entire body through the blood vessels in your mouth causing a variety of health-related issues.

Sunday, June 21, 2015

Stages Of Gum Disease

The daily monotonous task of brushing and flossing your teeth has never been more important in order to avoid gum disease and reduce the risks Gum Disease places on your overall health.

It has been estimated that 75% of Americans have some form of gum disease which can be linked to serious health complications and causes Dental Problems that are avoidable.

There are three main stages of gum disease:

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Gingivitis is the earliest stage of gum disease and is caused by plaque buildup around the gum line which causes inflammation of the gums. If you neglect to brush or floss your teeth daily, this plaque buildup will trap bacteria and cause gum disease. Gingivitis causes inflammation of the gums. Gums that should otherwise be pink will appear red and swollen; you could experience bleeding when you brush or floss. However, at this point, gingivitis can still be reversed. The bone and fibers that hold your teeth in place have not yet been affected.

Stage 2: Periodontitis

If gingivitis is left untreated, the condition will become Periodontitis. At this stage, the supporting bones and fibers that hold your teeth in place have been irreversibly damaged. Your gums begin to form “pockets,” deep hollow areas around the teeth that trap food, plaque, and bacteria. Your gums will recede and form gaps between your teeth. Immediate treatment is necessary to prevent further damage and tooth loss.

Stage 3: Advanced Periodontitis

In this final stage of gum disease, periodontitis has been left untreated and has become advanced periodontitis. Bacteria that was allowed to grow, spread, and cause destruction has destroyed the connective tissues and bones that support the teeth. The pockets that formed in the previous stage have become much deeper. Your teeth can shift or loosen. Loose teeth that move around in the mouth may affect your bite. At this state, aggressive treatment is needed to save the teeth.

Sunday, June 14, 2015

Gum Disease

Gum Disease is a common dental problem in America. On this page we list a range of health issues that can be potentially caused or in some cases, linked, to gum disease. As you can see by reviewing the list below, gum disease can have very serious consequences, as it can allow toxins to enter the bloodstream.

The best course of action is to ensure that you clean your teeth at home (we can instruct you on the best ways to do that) and visit our San Marcos dental office for twice yearly cleanings and monitoring of your oral health. If needed, Adriatic Dental offers several very effective gum disease treatments in our San Marcos Dental Office.

Wednesday, June 3, 2015

Where to Find Healthy, Fresh Food In San Marcos, CA

We know that eating healthy is great for our bodies, keeps them strong and functioning to their highest potential, keeps our weight in check and wards off life-threatening diseases. With all the talk about eating healthy, though, we often forget how important it is for our oral health. Choosing the right foods for our bodies is also so important for maintaining healthy teeth and gums.

Finding healthy, fresh foods in San Marcos isn’t always easy. Some stores don’t offer much selection, or are more expensive than others. Plus, how should you know what foods you should be looking for to maintain healthy teeth and gums?

What foods are good for our oral health and where can we buy healthy, fresh foods in San Marcos?

Sprouts Farmers Market

Fresh fruits, such as peaches, apples, bananas, and nectarines add vitamins and minerals to our bodies, can satisfy the craving for something sweet, and are readily available in most grocery stores. In San Marcos, Sprouts Market offers a varied selection of high-quality, reasonably priced options, including organic for those of us that are interested in eating organic.

Try your local farmer’s market for healthy, fresh foods in San Marcos!

Vegetables pack a double punch, as they not only have the vitamins and minerals that our bodies need, but fiber as well. Vegetables such as zucchini, eggplant, spinach, tomatoes, and artichokes offer plenty of flavor, vitamins, and fiber. Living in the San Marcos area, we have access to lots of fresh vegetables, fruits, eggs and meats through our local farmers markets. San Diego county offers over 50 farmers markets, many that run throughout the year. San Marcos has a farmers market that is held at Cal State San Marcos on Sundays from 10am-2pm.

Proceed with caution!

While San Marcos certainly offers other grocery stores such as Ralph’s, Vons, Stater Brothers and Wal-Mart, it’s a good idea to be careful of the products you are buying while there. Each of these stores sell fruit, vegetables, bread, meat, and eggs, but you should be cautious about some of the other offerings that you may find down the aisles.
Avoid products that contain:
  • High Fructose Corn Syrup
  • Artificial sweeteners
  • Monosodium Glutamate (MSG)
  • Trans Fat
  • Common food dyes
  • Sodium Nitrate
These additives do not contribute to the nutritional value of the food, but are often used for preserving foods, or adding artificial flavors or colors. Foods that contain these additives are often highly processed. Highly processed foods usually do not contain much nutritional value and eating too many of them can contribute to overall poor health, possible weight gain, and unhealthy teeth and gums.

High-fructose corn syrup can be found in many surprising foods, such as breads, cereals, and condiments. It is cheap, easy to produce, and plentiful. Other sugars to watch out for are beet, and cane sugars, as well as honey.

Eating too much sugar can lead to tooth decay and inflammation of the gums. Sugar forms plaques on our teeth that begin to wear away the protective enamel, leaving teeth vulnerable to the development of cavities. You might only think of sugar as “table sugar”, the white sugar we all know so well, but there are lots of sugar types and they are often “hidden” in foods that you might not suspect.

Finding healthy, fresh foods in San Marcos isn’t nearly as difficult as people may have previously thought. With our abundance of local farmers markets and the great variety of fresh produce available, eating great for good oral health takes only a little planning and dedication!

Monday, May 25, 2015

Foods That Aren't Good For Oral Health

Foods That Aren't Good For Oral Health

Eating is one of the greatest pleasures of life and is one of the main centerpieces of our holiday gatherings and celebrations. At the same time, we are taught from an early age that keeping our teeth and gums healthy is also very important. It’s a fine line, isn’t it? Taking care of our teeth and gums, but also indulging in the good food that is presented to us. The great news is that it’s always alright to occasionally eat foods that aren’t good for oral health, but that should only be the case if we are avoiding them most of the time. So what foods do you need to avoid to keep teeth and gums as healthy as you can?

Foods That Aren’t Good for Oral Health:

-Carbonated Sodas

Drinking sodas does more than just expand your waistline. The acid in soda can erode the protective enamel coating on your teeth. Soda can stain or discolor your teeth. And of course, soda contains tons of sugar that can contribute to tooth decay. Soda offers no nutritional value to your body and has also been proven to deplete the teeth of calcium—an essential mineral needed for strong teeth and bones—which can soften the teeth and make them more vulnerable to the development of cavities. Soda makes the top of the list of foods that aren’t good for oral health.


Most of us enjoy a sweet treat every now and then. With sugar consumption in the United States up 39% from the 1950s, it seems that we are enjoying sweet treats much more often than we should be. Sweets are another food that isn’t good for our oral health. They contain high amounts of sugar, low amounts of vitamins and minerals, add to our waistlines, and have detrimental effects on our teeth. The high sugar content can rot our teeth, leaving us susceptible to painful Dental operations in order to save them.

-Sticky Foods

Unfortunately, sticky foods are another food that isn’t good for oral health. Foods like toffee, taffy, gummy bears, and caramel have the double whammy of high sugar content as well as being very sticky. Sticky foods cling easily to our teeth, are hard to brush off, and can get in between the teeth in places that are hard to reach by brushing or even flossing. Sticky foods are the perfect thing to eat…if you want lots of cavities!

-Acidic Foods

When we drink drinks (such as sodas) or eat foods (such as citrus fruits) that are high in acids (phosphoric acid, citric acid) we are attacking the enamel on our teeth. When our enamel is weakened, it opens up our teeth to the formation of cavities. The enamel also protects the sensitive layers of our teeth and once enamel is damaged and gone, it is gone for good. Enamel does not build back up on our teeth. While citrus fruits do offer vitamin, minerals, and fiber in moderation, too much of them can cause them to be one of the foods that aren’t good for oral health.

Keep your teeth and gums healthy by brushing twice a day, flossing daily, using an anti-septic mouthwash, and of course, by visiting your Dentist regularly for exams and cleanings. Maintain a healthy body and a healthy mouth by eating a varied diet rich in nutrient-dense foods. By choosing healthy foods most of the time, you can afford to splurge on your favorite “bad” foods every now and then!

Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Oral Disease Related to Poor Oral Health

Dentists tell us at each visit that we need to brush at least twice daily. We know we should be flossing every day. Rinsing our mouths also helps us fight cavities. We should avoid foods high in sugar and other tooth damaging ingredients. What happens when we don’t heed these suggestions?
There are several things that can go wrong in our mouths due to poor oral health. Some of them are easily remedied by making changes in our daily habits, while others require intervention by a dentist or oral surgeon. The following are some of the most common diseases related to poor Oral Health.


Gingivitis is a common ailment that most people have to some degree. It is the inflammation of the gums, most often at the gum line. Those who do not brush their teeth enough or floss regularly will notice swollen, red gums. It can occur to different degrees and is reversible through adopting good oral habits such as daily brushing, flossing, and dentist visits. When it is left untreated it will continue to get worse, eventually turning to gum disease.

-Periodontal Disease (gum disease)

When gingivitis progresses too far, the symptoms will begin to get worse. People will have pain, irritation, tenderness, and bleeding of the gums. The gums will begin to pull away from the teeth, leaving spaces that are left open to bacteria and infection. These infections, combined with the body’s natural immune defenses, begin to break down the connective tissues and bones that hold the teeth into the body. If allowed to continue, the teeth will ultimately loosen and have to be removed.

-Dental Abscess

A dental abscess is an infection that occurs in the mouth that begins from an infected cavity. These types of abscesses are often found in people that have poor oral health habits, such as not brushing or flossing often enough. When a cavity becomes infected and it is not treated, the bacteria can travel to different areas in the mouth. The infection site can begin to collect pus and become very painful. While some abscesses will rupture and drain on their own, it is best advised to have them treated by a dentist, often by a Dental Surgery called a root canal.


Also called cottonmouth or dry mouth, xerostomia can be a byproduct of poor oral health. Xerostomia is when the mouth is not able to produce enough saliva, which can leave teeth and gums vulnerable to the development of damaging plaques and tooth decay.


Halitosis is the medical term for chronic bad breath. Halitosis is more than just “morning breath.” It is persistent and often caused by infections in the mouth due to decay, or poor oral health.

The good news about poor oral health is that you can turn your dental habits around at any time and make a change. Eating less sugar, drinking less soda, flossing daily, brushing regularly, and visiting your dentist for regular exams and cleanings can make a big impact on your previously poor oral health.

Thursday, May 14, 2015

Healthy Foods for a Healthy Smile

We all know that taking good care of our teeth by daily brushing and flossing is vital, but what about the foods that we put into our bodies? How do they play a role in our Oral Health? As it turns out, the foods that we choose to eat play a major role in our oral health. We can choose foods that are damaging to our teeth, such as sodas, sweets, sticky foods, or foods that are high in damaging acids. Or we can look for foods that are nourishing not only to our bodies, but keep our teeth healthy and strong as well! Luckily, there are lots of delicious foods that help us maintain good oral health! We’ve complied a mini-list of some easy to remember foods that help keep your teeth and gums in tip-top shape!

Eat These!

1. Low acid fruits

Some citrus fruits contain high levels of acid that can damage the enamel on your teeth. Though these fruits contain lots of vitamins and nutrients, it’s a good idea to limit their consumption, especially if you are experiencing any pain or sensitivity on the surface of the tooth. Note: citrus fruits are certainly healthy for you in moderation, as they contain lots of vitamin C, which is vital for a healthy body!

2. Drink lots of water

Keeping our mouths moist is important for our teeth. Saliva protects our teeth by disrupting the growth of bacteria on the teeth’s surface. Drinking plenty of water insures that the mouth is staying moist, while also washing away any micro-particles of food that have stayed behind after meals. Good oral health can be maintained by drinking lots of water, but don’t try to substitute water with sugary sodas or juices.

3. Fiber

High fiber foods such as fruits, vegetables, beans, and brown rice help increase the flow of saliva in our mouths. Saliva creates a natural mineral barrier around our teeth, preventing cavity-forming plaque to attach itself.

4. Calcium-Rich Foods

The growth and development of strong teeth starts young! Calcium is an absolute must to create the foundations of dental and good oral health. If you have strong teeth to begin with, this helps prevent problems as you age. Calcium is important for preventing tooth decay as well. Try dairy products such as milk, cheese, or yogurt. Don’t like dairy products? No problem! Calcium is also found in many other foods such as kale, broccoli, almonds, and dried beans.

5. Eat Sweets—In Moderation!

It used to be that sweet treats were somewhat rare. A birthday cake, a pie at Thanksgiving—sugar was eaten, but it was not as
readily available as it is now. In fact, prior to the 1900s, Americans only consumed about 5 lbs of sugar a year! Compare that to the over 150 lbs, we now consume and you can understand why, despite our great advances in understanding Dentistry and good oral health, people are still suffering from dental problems. So enjoy your sweets—but try to limit them to celebrations or special occasions. And watch out for hidden sugars, such a high-fructose corn syrup, which can be found in everything from ketchup to bread!

Good oral health is easy to maintain with a healthy diet, regular brushing and flossing, and by visiting your Dentist every 6 months for exams and cleanings. Schedule an appointment today!

Monday, April 27, 2015

Introducing Epignetic Orthodontics

Epignetic Orthodontics

Adriatic Dental now introducing revolutionary Epigenetic Orthodontics! Epigenetic orthodontics uses a person’s natural genes to correct and straighten the teeth without the use of force brackets. Dr. Valentina Obradovic believes that by changing the spatial relations of crooked teeth, using a new generation of orthodontic-orthopedic-pneumopedic™ DNA appliances™ , which can be worn similar to removable orthodontic retainers, the various genes that control tooth position will be activated so that orthodontists and dentists can enhance dental and oral health, including non-surgical airway remodeling.

Some evidence for these ideas is already available in the Dental, orthodontic and medical literature. These new DNA appliances™ rely less on the continuous force exerted by conventional orthodontic braces, but help to guide the teeth, jaws, TMJ, face and airway into more optimal relations for functions, such as sleep and breathing.

Specifically, these new DNA appliances™ consist of 3-D Axial springs™ that are specially made from Do-Not-Adjust wire™ or DNA wire™ which, as its name suggests, requires virtually little or no adjustment by the dental professional.